What is Secure Hash Algorithm 256? - Developcoins

GPG instructions and public key list for verifying Bitcoin clients.

I have noticed their is a growing problem of fake bitcoin clients, and I expect the frequency and elaboratness of these fake clients to increase.
Verifying the signatures for these clients will detect if you are receiving anything other than what the signer the of the software signed. The exception to this is if the attacker acquires the signer's private key, which should be a lot more difficult than tricking users to visit the wrong site or hacking servers. This can also be addressed by using multiple signatures per client.
An important part of this process is acquiring the public keys for the sofware signers in a secure manner.
To help with this I have included a signed list of fingerprints and where to acquire the public keys to act as another source to verify the keys used to sign bitcoin clients.
I have also included instructions for verifying the fingerprint list and bitcoin clients.
To deal with the issue that posts and comments on Reddit can be easily modified I suggest other users (especially well known ones) post a signature of the fingerprint list in a comment in this thread, or at least a hash of the fingerprint list (not as secure but still better than nothing).
List of Fingerprints:
+++ Bitcoin-Qt: Signer: Gavin Andresen (CODE SIGNING KEY) [email protected] Fingerprint: 2664 6D99 CBAE C9B8 1982 EF60 29D9 EE6B 1FC7 30C1 Key ID: 1FC730C1 Key Link: bitcoin.org/gavinandresen.asc
Electrum: Signer: ThomasV [email protected] Fingerprint: 6694 D8DE 7BE8 EE56 31BE D950 2BD5 824B 7F94 70E6 Key ID: 7F9470E6 Keyserver: pool.sks-keyservers.net Signer: Animazing [email protected] Fingerprint: 9914 864D FC33 499C 6CA2 BEEA 2245 3004 6955 06FD Key ID: 695506FD Keyserver: pool.sks-keyservers.net
Multibit: Signer: Jim Burton (multibit.org developer) [email protected] Fingerprint: 299C 423C 672F 47F4 756A 6BA4 C197 2AED 79F7 C572 Key ID: 79F7C572 Keyserver: pgp.mit.edu
Armory: Signer: Alan C. Reiner (Offline Signing Key) [email protected] Fingerprint: 821F 1229 36BD D565 366A C36A 4AB1 6AEA 9883 2223 Key ID: 98832223 Keyserver: pgp.mit.edu +++
My Key:
-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK----- Version: GnuPG v1.4.12 (GNU/Linux) mQINBFLB9nUBEAC/klZvqQkWP/NUD0pT09PzhKh0xIQ0XM7MxqUZLa1OytF3iUCX /fNwQD5OnSFQoEg1O4bGzrrRb+PiuKCvH19dp7sFVj3q7Dhwfb6EvsX39xqzxCr6 2AQFQ3esz4nNodnQWa48t2ujihaf/vpTn6n7+jCl6a124r+U4wNGiNIEWxLLUNNb ec8S1RcjtTp6Ue/yRpThgJN9e4rj19+vJMqKCiqL03NBZWVoCEkL6iIdjwlQK8/r CpP9m5yAsc8wkelRkZvuLmjJ1GgSFrO0WteGnURMshy59LetaSRyiIDeHaPdV5rk /n3mBv8hsK/39O6H7fYWDx/ZLnZE4rMghcndexIFLhsuPx6FJNATqQ2gHT4ijb8K NlwZ0LatlXyUEMKfC1aroa3/9RkQSf0y0GKS0XrvUWGVRn/X7gk1DRhuaHWuacCf k3w0XZOA2WpWw1w/rjZSeHbKG1w4B2/kWH3K4sXsfcLltlY85zH03HUYSx+leMFc yxiHz60ZfuV2aGjYFPL8dzF6DS106lHz51j608OZkAEO8Xssincii1k/PR1h1y2P AqgrEADzgl52iBbNw+tdnxSAIy/asEyxU/VwkUFjOzSyP7ZmBxg8ss966w2Kl6WE o9R5tkVuUG8WTMTnF0FeMxO9YOqx4KhN9bhP7RjBL7BFTvRXYVVJUGabIQARAQAB tBVkY2M0ZSA8ZGNjNGVAZ214LmNvbT6JAj4EEwECACgFAlLB9nUCGwMFCQlmAYAG CwkIBwMCBhUIAgkKCwQWAgMBAh4BAheAAAoJECO6L0dAOWOhsNIQAKUN9Z4e0hM3 DbaUjYJx93JGdJArLmz+Ko10N/lGcao4lCNVA+xM73Ga1GBnPlhPFW9iD2VQocOv tY2PYNsPrHgGlzyMKAMSpZ8364wVEyCHdJVKFORUjhyuJGYfyhDt2iZuzQwxWbmQ 1gmlbiGvxRysmaSW5+M8CDhja/fI8+EOp5NbH/EvHJClul3cO72UBUXBPxRv4Eb+ j8k0Uozob70A3bD894F8bJ9wZ3XBX/9DEkAbvDyW7CxIZwUiCeYTQylH++8S91A1 wL3z35ELdOLzGqwetYY6gSZRwY/W+rewEfPfBDSRjXKOBfhraMBYV1Sdg0IUj10W 2XVAzkqmqaej0T/xTt6aNjFtiH1u18BUpYIcCAAZ6TJ7325bnqnI+0xWFdonyggL +AIX1nzhx5niw8ZkCX0/jlJAx3TXAuxX/Tfy7cVSVi33v0fiwoDb8ZIDBzg0P2uc PUpR13B3AevFpxuAuAFPWfTDOJQmZyn9YNswVOhNb9rfq5bkmaSBlMRefTtUKIjW XjrRhSULPJ73H+R1DNL1Y0vhclnkOVCFRB+VPChkO+6RitGQDTg/Z60fBHpnYiDz sysnsoojLwBGanHO5mZMprxADc9CmeRGRmfHwvx7eJvW1HqN+5JR3Ai+JDlT+IxX RNUQxUbOry4D8TwRn9nBEtumNyNQcBmUuQINBFLB9nUBEACyRFYCrOXxC8yWm92U qPPNa3YC+W17O4rHW/thKTze1/TeZAKTNaIMPCS7iSVBBRbuijG+8NsgFd6W9acC ihMD4VUdFhVPjRGM3HmqzsxudVI4kGlQl8w86pYZu8ceGB4LQcoUFbPmWgXDIszH NV7kIFO/2oCRJ7VIBllUMP97RRdIfDND7EZMWvDveZ40BZCBLfnD9f6VSs4Lgn2C ow/ko01ijnvUxA/BGPJKI7JTLJHbdL//RQwT3AacLSc/etIurY2Ef926XbYYI1gi qboCU/dYUkGG2D+BDcGdukwpksdZZSXPyNhkZQAPPViHuFFtHI3C+FNb5L+lnC0h /dfF73U1lN3jp/VX11U1tIsHJyPjs8aael2UJO7Qy3vgVRM6KOywNNjVRv79Z/rF YHkNzBwXrGKdwV16SdRWjgkzkB4JeNQME096SqrwAEj/j5fwMqHjR8dKqWKDT6s9 V2Z83go3n9kI8JWFh33OksBh/qpKghhwtGWrUsbVcEDOVmUn2ozXvARDzqnNw3DN PcQvzUtasD8hxGHo7fW4TczdtgS3b/DfU2VJo68Fmo1C4eqYX+Ixx05khFCtP7d0 POqX6jIIQqZq8NTea8/M8Xx1YGhR5RpA4vZe7bCLgD2VUXHL43Npmq2nuZ0/7AwY H0hc/y/T+SU70xn28XyWHHLkCwARAQABiQIlBBgBAgAPBQJSwfZ1AhsMBQkJZgGA AAoJECO6L0dAOWOhIcgP/ioKYiJFAsolS4ep1PenCPvQFjvZTq4xJnsubEJ/ERU8 zdgET0Rh5jcCLqRAxQbGW3lVsewR3N+S9Rt3zHApqfZBFg5XJkZxsk0u+0qGPHWA 4oC7U3E4ZwMfVzUDcfKrzD1h0JaiSW1+1qgCh9/YVCUYakR1n/9LgzPP8ekQLTeb nWE+ZQQfeTDgoTNFWZvUlEbh4zcHLvcay78PnK3uT3UbWPyltSxon/eD47s1dt03 P/8nqaXCZhhRZ9N3EbJyudLBgA3ctySSJJSKKQHYynH5qUQqKp4Wq1KY80161xvW FqKwN/Jr4tTpRVZPu8P82cxhwrWJdf1U3/M2F2aIgXbGS4fHbzsLZ+6zZ3AuT4D8 auW55GOrnoF9XzZV6IavtluILUXMjVzF13slo5PKzS8yyJRNxE22krbeEyUum4Zu dDiERxIB6B+RDMM9qvV9svGJoEXG+4ugwkA3R7a6LWApmkvH3eXpULfDN2g5eNcr 5efFMrI/myxmpsP3nUp5EZFJyp8+ZSzIMJ1jSzXH8mHajIGTG49xDyZGpbog3wd2 7aQf5D9WOuKfYZM9MU9PBF+ZgtNrAxWuYJcCOr4WEd/2IjayMWvLxNA/RVW66oVj puaaDc3m3hXg1fwUWv9ZJyMUv7NARLgig3KEMVZiVzos7ZMn9mZNrOk2fnkKpVJB =ufyu -----END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK----- 
Signature for fingerprint list:
-----BEGIN PGP MESSAGE----- Version: GnuPG v1.4.12 (GNU/Linux) owGFk31QFGUcx48XIU/KU0YSZOhHToraHeze3u4tqd2+HZ6g4ks6ZBTLsXdud7eH ewtCV4mp4/hGKmlTQbyEkgoZxpg6kReML0RWaoohOWWN0mhK4WSZje0Zxw0zzfTP 7rPf5zfP7/N8nn22PRyliYyYfDQ9y0La6yNaotYW6hyi5BTkYlmUFJ9BKVMWdZyu mDFjhpYWFbtXlPQLlUztYtEpCXImZPGlogSUVCQLPkGCNGYBy8FiW9Z82/wsyOby poEzWMEPFVicHl50G+xeD1jDXTIBxXEMcJYkgaEpDhiSNgNCmlHgrHgGoCRLAsfh NCBWhgBjBoNos4VysLGZD5LhIEeUXJlQ+C+nwSs700d0N/A+u5ZzC3ZFLvGE97Bk hdfD+5aC8uBdiqiQZYYiQTuCEMdJDFizujuC5swqjQkHI0JzwJImlZBmTWBGMRoI q1pHZHD4MGEwCQU+QS4Ntiz2et0Gn8und4Uyn0ESlGEkShI9/Etqf5jJh4Zhd7NH opEkgoEZx1iwMkYjYCTJAM5QKADNcRSgKGZSnWWogkmTCTJwKzvMFkxCwf+xzStx K6LqNixurugBukRWvOrBe4Zmg9ahSCgV3N5iQZ4GL4oeHDFbHLxPGcI3lLhG8qNB YAw1qtQEagWMsKoGTTgFOE1hwCAkASjFsUCQVgIYE4GG1apJKBjGdxYbPCqHUFSi pWSPVy4PA1NuXgLGAIsEUf2GtAUOh1sdQXA+KFtdZhrwapFl6B/iHywQdD4S2Ywi VkBQlAQjTrPAmnBVMa4iM0b1gVE0AjiluifNZqN6AKhxGDmYhIL/Qg5etI2RydGa iEhNzKjI4N3TaEfrQjf0brJOs692U9vbzb2jMs51uP1Jl/6KXf7NoTEHolxXvvRf SjzbEylrjFvH1jXefbJxd9/tK8u8SVdLC9yv5N88N/v1Cyu7N1deXDPJMeVs8obj b9zvtW84sv9OWeJJ8tXyPX2/N+zqGn+ZnxCdGz++QXqzYGzthSRE7JJaflRu4/01 jqsFuat62ifvHujc8ZhupW1P59OBjoMtgz+crx08mdN/sDkwtUmfLecN2Hb8duuz Lxq6Aztjz3RsWV1d3TJBc4D86cbfuqjvn0iJemqvfk1/ToHQFZhtWrT555eZwh45 +vNj/jX7Fubnd/3adNxf+EhF7sWmMX+Q184dSvygFdFXBF6b2m1KjLvnoKanzEp0 2cWqgX7L2biU8/2xt5LudZ4g4pawCZVpv6T7q1JfaN9Q1xFxP2Z55fiPuo7tvXdd v6m3vrLt+Tk12bGzDn/rr8+puxl4vLsqrnPKmPg51xUZo+tiXKuf2XZ44DLd8t7N weL21tONnY2jKy+MSzi1/1o8sWrQPPPTd1tteW/tTct6fyO2NNWUJ6wT6mPWx9fz 31ml53QTe75a+2HbumVuvZCcC33V0/fFpM07wkRYUh9a0LxzK6mrOuqYChWT6u4M oGkJS2vmNkWdmdWcP5le4ulLbr+Ws+IysX37OyfSt4y70St8vLov9dE/k3Y1zNy4 SyrY/fWzvRMLP8mNrjh1eFvtznXt/wA= =5zDz -----END PGP MESSAGE----- 
Hashes for fingerprint list:
SHA-256: 7A6B9841 355B1127 E5639A9D 7040D81C F395D382 884376C2 31829C63 6FCF1B80
SHA-512: 04A49A60 A1645479 ED0B3CE9 AE32E156 E9768CC2 0D4EF393 814162BE BFA6FAF5 6C520769 C654467F 6B61EBD4 4A5A5C93 9DF81B7D AA468A50 2DD7FFF3 F637A49C
Verifying the fingerprint list:
Save fingerprint list, from the first plus to the last plus, to a text file called fingerprints.txt
Next save my key to a file called dcc4e.asc and my signature to a file called fingerprints.txt.asc
In terminal or command line run:
gpg --import dcc4e.asc gpg --verify fingerprints.txt.asc 
You should see:
Good signature from "dcc4e " 
GPG examples for verifying Bitcoin clients:
Verifying Bitcoin-Qt:
First download, import and check Gavin's key:
Download his key at bitcoin.org/gavinandresen.asc
In terminal or command line run:
gpg --import gavinandresen.asc gpg --fingerprint 
Check that the fingerprint for Gavin's key matches 01CD F462 7A3B 88AA E4A5 71C8 7588 242F BE38 D3A8.
Then download the wallet software and signature.
Verify the signature:
gpg --verify SHA256SUMS.asc 
You should see:
gpg: Good signature from "Gavin Andresen (CODE SIGNING KEY) " 
The signature for Bitcoin-Qt signs the hash values. So we must compute the hash of the specific downloaded software manually. This example is using the linux version.
gpg --print-md SHA256 bitcoin-0.8.6-linux.tar.gz 
Check that the output matches the associated hash value in SHA256SUMS.asc
Verifying Electrum:
First download, import and check ThomasV's key:
This key can be found at a keyserver.
gpg --keyserver pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-keys 7F9470E6 gpg --fingerprint 
Check the fingerprint.
Download Electrum and the signature.
Verify the signature:
gpg --verify Electrum-1.9.6.zip.asc 
You should see:
gpg: Good signature from "ThomasV " 
For this example you do not need to manually compute any hash values because the signature is signing the downloaded file directly instead of signing a list of hashes.
submitted by dcc4e to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

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